Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a hair restoration technique in which the hair is transplanted naturally in groups of one to four hairs called follicular units. Each follicular unit contains sebaceous glands, nerves, a small muscle and occasional fine vellus hairs.
First, the donor area (usually at the back of the scalp) is trimmed and the hair above it is taped to keep it up and away from the donor site. The donor site is then numbed with a local anesthetic, a strip of donor tissue is surgically removed and the incision is sutured together.
With the FUT harvesting method, the follicular units are separated under a microscope. This eliminates the likelihood of graft injury or transection and increases the rate of graft survival after they are transferd.
This method works well because in these areas, the hair follicles are resistant to the effects of DHT (dihydrotestosterone). They are genetically programmed to continue to grow throughout the person’s life without ever being affected by the androgens, DHT, that initially caused hair loss. This property is preserved wherever they are transplanted. After preparing them under specific stereoscopy, these follicular units are re-positioned in the empty areas of the scalp.
In their new positions, the transplanted hair follicles grow for the rest of your life. They produce real hair that grow and can be combed and cut like normal.
Dr. Carlos Puig makes the decision as to how many hair follicular units are needed to design the most natural looking results for each individual patient. He has performed more than 20,000 procedures in his impressive career.